Euro Slides Amidst Concerns Over Weak German Retail Sales


January 31, 2023

New Delhi, India

In a significant market development, the EUR/USD pair experienced a sharp decline, nearing the 1.0800 mark, as weak German Retail Sales data heightened concerns about the Eurozone’s economic outlook.

Impact of Weak German Retail Sales:

The Euro‘s descent was triggered by unexpectedly negative data in both monthly and annual German Retail Sales figures. December’s monthly Retail Sales contracted by 1.6%, surprising investors who had anticipated a 0.7% expansion. Moreover, November witnessed a steep 2.5% decrease in consumer spending.

The annual Retail Sales decline slowed to 1.7%, compared to a 2.4% drop in November. This reflects the strain on households facing higher interest rates imposed by the European Central Bank (ECB) and enduring price pressures.

ECB’s Response and Christine Lagarde’s Stance:

The disappointing Retail Sales data has fueled expectations of potential rate cuts by the ECB to address economic challenges. ECB President Christine Lagarde’s suggestion of interest rate reduction from late Summer adds weight to this sentiment. However, recent doubts emerged after a slight uptick in the preliminary Q4 Gross Domestic Product (GDP).

Eurozone Economic Performance:

Despite narrowly avoiding a technical recession, the Eurozone’s economy remained stagnant in the last quarter of 2023 after contracting by 0.1% in the July-September quarter. These economic headwinds contribute to the pressure on the Euro.

Market Cautiousness Ahead of Fed’s Decision:

Investors are exhibiting caution in the market as they eagerly await the Federal Reserve’s interest rate decision. S&P500 futures have suffered losses in the early European session, and the US Dollar Index (DXY) has rebounded, indicating a flight to the US dollar amid uncertainties.

Fed’s Expected Interest Rates and Market Outlook:

According to the CME Fedwatch tool, the consensus is for the Fed to maintain interest rates in the 5.25-5.50% range. Market participants emphasize the significance of the Fed’s decision on interest rates, recognizing its potential to sway market sentiment.

In Conclusion:

The Euro‘s recent decline is a result of a confluence of factors, including weak German Retail Sales, expectations of ECB policy adjustments, and cautious market sentiment ahead of the Federal Reserve’s pivotal decision on interest rates.