India’s Direct Tax Collections Set to Triple Under Modi’s 10-Year Rule

tax collections

December 29, 2023

New Delhi, India


India’s direct tax collections are poised to triple to Rs 19 lakh crore over the next decade, exceeding estimates and showcasing a robust fiscal landscape under Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s leadership.

Rapid Growth and Projections:

Direct tax collections have experienced significant growth, reaching Rs 16.61 lakh crore in the fiscal year 2022-23, a notable increase from Rs 6.38 lakh crore in FY 2013-14. With a 20% growth rate in the current fiscal year, the mop-up is expected to surpass the 2023-24 Budget estimate of Rs 18.23 lakh crore.

Factors Driving Growth:

The surge in income tax collections is attributed to the increasing income of individuals. The government’s initiatives to simplify the tax regime, lower rates, and reduce exemptions have contributed to enhanced tax compliance. Various reform measures by the Income Tax Department have led to a broader tax base, evident in the rise in Individual Tax Returns (ITRs) from 3.36 crore in 2013-14 to 7.41 crore in 2023-24.

Government Initiatives and Challenges:

To encourage compliance, the government introduced lower tax rates for both corporations and individuals, making the income tax regime more attractive. However, certain proposals, such as including credit card spending in foreign currency under the Liberalised Remittance Scheme, faced public backlash, resulting in a deferment due to compliance and implementation issues.

Economic Performance and GST Collections:

Direct tax collections have grown at around 20% in the current fiscal year, reflecting a strong economic performance. Goods and Services Tax (GST) collections have consistently reached new peaks, with a monthly collection of Rs 1.87 lakh crore in April 2023.

Recent GST Council Decisions and Challenges in Gaming Sector:

The GST Council clarified a 28% tax on the full amount put into online gaming platforms. Overseas online gaming companies are now required to register with GST authorities. However, challenges persist, as evidenced by 71 show-cause notices issued for alleged GST evasion in the online gaming sector.


India’s direct tax collections signify a positive trajectory, driven by economic growth, tax reforms, and a widening tax base. While challenges persist, the overall fiscal landscape appears robust, laying the foundation for sustained financial stability.

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