Stock Market Hit New Highs Amid Rising Volatility: FPIs Drive Rally, Valuations Surge

Indian stock market

December 28, 2023

New Delhi, India


In a dynamic market session, Indian stocks reached unprecedented heights, fueled by robust foreign and domestic investor activity. However, escalating volatility and elevated valuations have sparked concerns among traders.

Indian Stock Market Surges to New Highs:

The Sensex surged by 200 points, setting a fresh high, with the Nifty surpassing the 21,700 mark for the first time. Large-cap stocks played a pivotal role, steering both indices to record levels.

Investor Dynamics:

Foreign Portfolio Investors (FPIs) and direct retail investors intensified buying, propelling the market to new heights. FPIs alone poured in a provisional ₹2,926.05 crore, while domestic institutional investors (DIIs) sold shares worth ₹192 crore.

Valuations at Historic Levels:

The latest rally pushed valuations beyond historical norms. The Nifty’s one-year forward P/E multiple reached 19.9 times, and the Sensex P/E climbed to 20.56 times, signaling potential overheating in the market.

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Volatility on the Rise:

Despite the upward trend, the India VIX, a volatility index, reached a 10-month high, suggesting trader discomfort at these elevated levels. The VIX rise, 5.99% to 15.56, indicates a cautious market sentiment.

Sectoral Gains:

Commodity and automobile companies, including Hindalco, UltraTech Cement, Bajaj Auto, Tata Motors, and JSW Steel, led the rally. The Bank Nifty soared to a record 48,347.65.

Large-Cap Outperformance:

Large-cap stocks outperformed mid- and small-caps in the recent rally. While the Nifty and Sensex gained 1% each, the Nifty Midcap 150 and Nifty Smallcap 250 rose by 0.39% and 0.3%, respectively.

Contributors to the Rally:

Key contributors to the market surge included HDFC Bank, Reliance Industries, L&T, Infosys, and ICICI Bank, each playing a crucial role in the recent momentum.

Year-to-Date Inflows:

FPI flows of ₹1.62 trillion and DII flows of ₹1.8 trillion have been instrumental in the year-to-date market performance. Retail investors also chipped in with ₹8,700 crore from April to November.

Outlook and Concerns:

Market experts anticipate continued momentum due to strong domestic and foreign inflows. However, concerns loom as IT majors like Infosys and Wipro, along with Asian Paints, prepare to declare quarterly results in January.


While the stock market revels in new highs, the surge in volatility and elevated valuations pose challenges. Investors remain cautiously optimistic, closely watching key indicators to gauge the sustainability of this remarkable rally.

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