India-UK FTA deal to Be Finalized by October’s End


October 11, 2023

New Delhi, India


India-UK FTA Talks Gain Momentum

In a significant development, India and the United Kingdom are rapidly advancing negotiations for a Free Trade Agreement (FTA). The two nations recently concluded the 13th round of talks, and both sides are keen to finalize the deal in the near future.

Boost in Bilateral Trade

The trade relations between India and the UK have seen remarkable growth, with bilateral trade soaring to $20.36 billion in 2022-23, compared to $17.5 billion in the previous year. This increase underscores the importance of the FTA in further enhancing economic ties.

Key Negotiation Points

Rules of Origin: One of the remaining issues in the FTA talks is the “rules of origin” provision. This regulation ensures that goods cannot be labeled as originating from the UK to gain entry into the Indian market if they are from a third country. It helps prevent the dumping of goods.

Bilateral Investment Treaty (BIT): Simultaneously, the negotiations for a Bilateral Investment Treaty are progressing swiftly. A point of contention is the mechanism for settling investment disputes, with India proposing to exhaust local judicial remedies before resorting to international arbitration.

Trade Interests of Both Nations

India is seeking duty concessions in the automobile sector and greater access for skilled professionals in sectors such as IT and healthcare to the UK market. In contrast, the UK is looking for reduced import duties on products like Scotch whiskey, automobiles, lamb meat, chocolates, and confectionery. It also seeks expanded opportunities for UK services in Indian markets, particularly in telecommunications, legal, and financial services.

Promoting Trade and Economic Growth

The growing trade volume and the commitment of both countries to strengthen economic ties signal a positive trajectory for India-UK relations. As negotiations progress, the potential benefits of the FTA and BIT include increased trade opportunities, investments, and collaborative growth in various sectors.


India and the UK are on the brink of signing a significant Free Trade Agreement, with both sides actively engaged in negotiations and addressing critical issues. The rapid expansion of bilateral trade underlines the importance of this agreement, which is poised to bring economic advantages and collaboration opportunities for both nations.